The nutritional status of under five children is a sensitive indicator of country’s health status as well as economic condition. Nutrition and health are the two faces of the same coin. Nutrition is in fact fundamental pillar of human life. There are many nutritional problems that affect large portions of our children and malnutrition has been identified as a major public health and nutritional problem in India. Approximately 20 percent of children under the age of four suffer from severe malnutrition. It not only leads to childhood morbidity and mortality but also leads to impairment of physical and possibly of mental growth of those who survive. Studies have investigated risk factors for malnutrition. The education of women, especially, has been found to play a central role in improving the health of children. Mother’s nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices tend to be strongly associated with children's nutritional status. Mothers are the foremost providers of primary care for their children. This paper throws light on the mother’s knowledge awareness and perception regarding malnutrition as well as socioeconomic and cultural risk factors in relation to children's malnutrition in Savli and Kawant taluka of Baroda district, Gujarat. 130 data had been taken for the study. Obtained results clearly indicated that Most of the family’s economic condition was not so good, although they were from a low socioeconomic background; most of the mothers were not earning additional income for the family. Because of poor economic condition they were not able to spend much amounts on vegetables and fruits. They used grains and bean dishes as a staple food on regular basis rather than green vegetables. Mothers were aware about the nutrition but they were not aware about the risk factors because of lack of nutrition in child, they were not aware about the disease that cause of child death. The main contributing factor for under five malnutrition was found to be poverty. Poverty is one of the crucial factors that play an important role in malnutrition problem.
Nutrition, Health, knowledge, awareness and perception, Malnutrition, Social. Cultural and Economic Factor, poverty
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